John Pemberton, a pharmacist from Atlanta, Georgia, invented Coca-Cola in May 1886. Pemberton's bookkeeper, Frank Robinson, had excellent penmanship and scripted the flowing Coca-Cola lettering which is the logo famous to this day.
Did you know? The first servings of Coca‑Cola were sold for 5 cents per glass. During the first year, sales averaged a modest nine servings per day in Atlanta. Today, daily servings of Coca‑Cola beverages are estimated at 1.8 billion globally. Coca-Cola was the first brand-name product ever to be featured on a cover of Time Magazine. It was displayed on May 15, 1950, not as an advertisement.
|A glass of Coca-Cola: www.en.wikipedia.org|
Coca – cocaine
Being originally intended for "medicinal" purposes in the late 19th century, its inventor Colonel John Pemberton sought an alternative for his addiction to morphine. This was brought about due to his being wounded in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia during the American Civil War. With Pemberton being a pharmacist, he worked on various opium-free formulas as an alternative to morphine to help ease his constant pain. His formula called for a dose of coca leaf, the raw material for the manufacture of the drug cocaine.
Note of Interest: Coca-cola in today's market no longer contains cocaine.Kola Nuts - Caffeine
The flavoring and original source of caffeine for Coca-Cola was the kola nut, which in itself boasts a rather bitter flavor, thus the necessity for other flavorings, such as vanilla and cinnamon. The amount of caffeine in kola nuts equates to approximately 2.0 - 3.5%. Kola was changed to cola making its pairing with coca more marketable.
Note of Interest: Kola nuts are no longer the source of the caffeine in Coca-Cola. It does, however, contain 34 mg of caffeine per 12 fluid ounces (9.8 mg per 100 ml) derived from other decaffeinating agents.
Secret Formula Not So Secret Anymore or IS It?
Various sources purport different formulas for making the carbonated beverage known as Coca-Cola. Interested in making your own? Here you go, give it a try if you dare!
Recipe is from Food Flavorings: Composition, Manufacture and Use. Makes one 1 US gallon (3.8 l; 0.83 imp gal) of syrup. Yield (used to flavor carbonated water at 1 US fl oz (30 ml) per bottle): 128 bottles, 6.5 US fl oz (190 ml).
- Mix 5 lb (2.3 kg) of sugar with just enough water to dissolve the sugar fully. (High-fructose corn syrup may be substituted for half the sugar.)
- Add 1 1⁄4 oz (35 g) of caramel, 1⁄10 oz (3 g) caffeine, and 2⁄5 oz (11 g) phosphoric acid.
- Extract the cocaine from 5⁄8 drachm (1.1 g) of coca leaf (Truxillo growth of coca preferred) with toluol; discard the cocaine extract.
- Soak the coca leaves and kola nuts (both finely powdered); 1⁄5 drachm (0.35 g) in 3⁄4 oz (21 g) of 20% alcohol.
- California white wine fortified to 20% strength was used as the soaking solution circa 1909, but Coca-Cola may have switched to a simple water/alcohol mixture.
- After soaking, discard the coca and kola and add the liquid to the syrup.
- Add 1 oz (28 g) lime juice (a former ingredient, evidently, that Coca-Cola now denies) or a substitute such as a water solution of citric acid and sodium citrate at lime-juice strength.
- Mix together
- Add 1⁄10 oz (2.8 g) water to the oil mixture and let stand for twenty-four hours at about 60 °F (16 °C). A cloudy layer will separate.
- Take off the clear part of the liquid only and add the syrup.
- Add 7⁄10 oz (20 g) glycerine (from vegetable source, not hog fat, so the drink can be sold to Jews and Muslims who observe their respective religion's dietary restrictions) and 3⁄10 drachm (0.53 g) of vanilla extract.
- Add water (treated with chlorine) to make a gallon of syrup.
A little extra entertainment...